Participation in Leisure Activities as an Indicator of Inclusion: A comparison between Children with and without Disabilities in Portugal
APA 6th edition
Sanches-Ferreira*, M., Alves, S., Silveira-Maia, M., Gomes, M., Santos, B., & Lopes-dos-Santos, P. (2019). Participation in Leisure Activities as an Indicator of Inclusion: A comparison between Children with and without Disabilities in Portugal. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(1), 221-232. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.8.1.221
Sanches-Ferreira* M., Alves S., Silveira-Maia M., Gomes M., Santos B., and Lopes-dos-Santos P. 2019 'Participation in Leisure Activities as an Indicator of Inclusion: A comparison between Children with and without Disabilities in Portugal', European Journal of Educational Research , vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 221-232. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.8.1.221
Chicago 16th edition
Sanches-Ferreira*, Manuela , Alves, Sílvia , Silveira-Maia, Mónica , Gomes, Manuela , Santos, Bárbara and Lopes-dos-Santos, Pedro . "Participation in Leisure Activities as an Indicator of Inclusion: A comparison between Children with and without Disabilities in Portugal". (2019)European Journal of Educational Research 8, no. 1(2019): 221-232. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.8.1.221
Participation is recognised as an important indicator of school inclusion and educational success of children with and without disabilities and one of the fundamental human rights. In particular, the participation in leisure activities plays a vital role in children’s life and needs to be given a higher attention. The aim of the present exploratory study was to reflect on the inclusion of children with disabilities in Portuguese schools, by portraying and comparing their participation profiles in leisure activities to those of typically developing peers. The participation patterns in leisure activities of 61 children with disabilities and 114 children without disabilities were assessed. Results indicate that the pattern of participation of children with and without disabilities differs whether they are school or community-based activities. Regarding school-based activities, findings reveal that children with disabilities participate more frequently in these activities, but in solitary and constrained spaces at school compared to children without disabilities. For community contexts, our findings indicate that children with disabilities participate in less diverse activities than children without disabilities. In addition, the range of activities is correlated to their level of independence. This exploratory study contributes to an understanding of the pattern of participation of children with and without disabilities.
Keywords: Participation, leisure activities, children with disabilities, inclusion.
Badia, M., Orgaz, M. B., Verdugo, M. A., & Ullan, A. M. (2013). Patterns and determinants of leisure participation of youth and adults with developmental disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 57(4), 319-332. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2012.01539.x
Bedell, G., Coster, W., Law, M., Liljenquist, K., Kao, Y.-C., Teplicky, R., . . . Khetani, M. A. (2013). Community Participation, Supports, and Barriers of School-Age Children With and Without Disabilities. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94(2), 315-323. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.09.024
Bosse, I. K, & Wetermann, I. (2016). Inclusive Leisure Activities: Necessary Skills for Professionals. An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Technology and Inclusive Education, 5(1), 794-802.
Brown, T., O'Keefe, S., & Stagnitti, K. (2011). Activity Preferences and Participation of School-Age Children Living in Urban and Rural Environments. Occupational Therapy In Health Care, 25(4), 225-239. doi: 10.3109/07380577.2011.589889
Coster, W., Bedell, G., Law, M., Khetani, M. A., Teplicky, R., Liljenquist, K., . . . Kao, Y. C. (2011). Psychometric evaluation of the Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 53(11), 1030-1037. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2011.04094.x
Dahan-Oliel, N., Shikako-Thomas, K., & Majnemer, A. (2012). Quality of life and leisure participation in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities: a thematic analysis of the literature. Quality of Life Research, 21(3), 427-439. doi: 10.1007/s11136-011-0063-9
EASNIE. (2016). Financing of Inclusive Education: Mapping Country Systems for Inclusive Education. (S. Ebersold, ed.). Odense, Denmark: European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
EASNIE. (2011). Participation in Inclusive Education - A Framework for Developing Indicators. Odense, Denmark: European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
Engel-Yeger, B., Jarus, T., & Law, M. (2007). Impact of Culture on Children’s Community Participation in Israel. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 61(4), 421-428. doi: 10.5014/ajot.61.4.421
Eriksson, L., Welander, J., & Granlund, M. (2007). Participation in Everyday School Activities For Children With and Without Disabilities. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 19(5), 485-502. doi: 10.1007/s10882-007-9065-5
Farrell, M. (2000). Educational Inclusion and Raising Standards. British Journal of Special Education, 27(1), 35-38. doi: 10.1111/1467-8527.t01-1-00154
Forsyth, R., & Jarvis, S. (2002). Participation in childhood. Child Care Health Dev, 28(4), 277-279. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2214.2002.00272.x
Goltz, H., & Brown, T. (2014). Are children's psychological self-concepts predictive of their self reported activity preferences and leisure participation?. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 61(3), 177-186. doi: 10.1111/1440-1630.12101
Guide for the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM) of the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation, Version 4.0—Community/Outpatient. (1993). Buffalo, NY: State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo.
Harding, J., Harding, K., Jamieson, P., Mullally, M., Politi, C., Wong-Sing, E., . . . Petrenchik, T. M. (2009). Children with disabilities' perceptions of activity participation and environments: a pilot study. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(3), 133-144. doi: 10.1177/000841740907600302
Heah, T., Case, T., McGuire, B., & Law, M. (2007). Successful participation: the lived experience among children with disabilities. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74(1), 38-47. doi: 10.2182/cjot.06.10
Imms, C., Adair, B., Keen, D., Ullenhag, A., Rosenbaum, P., & Granlund, M. (2016). Participation': a systematic review of language, definitions, and constructs used in intervention research with children with disabilities. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 58(1), 29-38. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.12932
Imms, C., Froude, E., Adair, B., & Shields, N. (2016). A descriptive study of the participation of children and adolescents in activities outside school. BMC Pediatrics, 16, 84. doi: 10.1186/s12887-016-0623-9
Imms, C., Reilly, S., Carlin, J., & Dodd, K. J. (2009). Characteristics influencing participation of Australian children with cerebral palsy. Disability and Rehabilitation, 31(26), 2204-2215. doi: 10.3109/09638280902971406
Ismael, N. T., Lawson, L. A., & Cox, J. A. (2015). The relationship between children's sensory processing patterns and their leisure preferences and participation patterns. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 82(5), 316-324. doi: 10.1177/0008417415577421
Jarus, T., Anaby, D., Bart, O., Engel-Yeger, B., & Law, M. (2010). Childhood Participation in After-School Activities: What is to be Expected?. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(8), 344-350. doi: 10.4276/030802210X12813483277062
Jarus, T., Lourie-Gelberg, Y., Engel-Yeger, B., & Bart, O. (2011). Participation patterns of school-aged children with and without DCD. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32(4), 1323-1331. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2011.01.033
Khetani, M. A., Graham, J. E., Davies, P. L., Law, M. C., & Simeonsson, R. J. (2015). Psychometric properties of the Young Children's Participation and Environment Measure. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 96(2), 307-316. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.09.031
King, G., Law, M., Hurley, P., Petrenchik, T., & Schwellnus, H. (2010). A Developmental Comparison of the Out-of-school Recreation and Leisure Activity Participation of Boys and Girls With and Without Physical Disabilities. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 57(1), 77-107. doi: 10.1080/10349120903537988
King, G., Law, M., King, S., Hurley, P., Hanna, S., Kertoy, M., . . . Young, N. (2004). Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) and Preferences for Activities of Children (PAC). San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment, Inc.
King, G., Law, M., King, S., Rosenbaum, P., Kertoy, M. K., & Young, N. L. (2003). A Conceptual Model of factors affecting the recreation and leisure. Physical & Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics, 23(1), 63-90.
King, G. A., Law, M., King, S., Hurley, P., Hanna, S., Kertoy, M., & Rosenbaum, P. (2007). Measuring children's participation in recreation and leisure activities: construct validation of the CAPE and PAC. Child: Care, Health and Development, 33(1), 28-39. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2006.00613.x
Klaas, S. J., Kelly, E. H., Gorzkowski, J., Homko, E., & Vogel, L. C. (2010). Assessing patterns of participation and enjoyment in children with spinal cord injury. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 52(5), 468-474. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2009.03552.x
Koster, M., Pijl, S. J., Nakken, H., & Van Houten, E. J. (2010). Social Participation of Students with Special Needs in Regular Primary Education in the Netherlands. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 57(1), 59-75. doi: 10.1080/10349120903537905
Law, M. (2002). Participation in the occupations of everyday life. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 56(6), 640-649.
Law, M., King, G., King, S., Kertoy, M., Hurley, P., Rosenbaum, P., . . . Hanna, S. (2006). Patterns of participation in recreational and leisure activities among children with complex physical disabilities. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 48(5), 337-342. doi: 10.1017/s0012162206000740
Livingston, M. H., Stewart, D., Rosenbaum, P. L., & Russell, D. J. (2011). Exploring issues of participation among adolescents with cerebral palsy: what's important to them?. Physical & Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics, 31(3), 275-287. doi: 10.3109/01942638.2011.565866
Mahoney, J. L., Larson, R. W., & Eccles, J. S. (2005). Organized activities as contexts of development: Extracurricular activities, afterschool, and community Programs. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Majnemer, A., Shevell, M., Law, M., Birnbaum, R., Chilingaryan, G., Rosenbaum, P., & Poulin, C. (2008). Participation and enjoyment of leisure activities in school-aged children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 50(10), 751-758. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2008.03068.x
Martins, S. & Sanches-Ferreira, M. (2014). Parent’s Report on Their Children participation: Translation, Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the PEM-CY. Paper presented at the European Conference on Educational Research 2014, Porto, Portugal. Abstract retrieved from http://www.eera-ecer.de/ecer-programmes/conference/19/contribution/32242/
Maxwell, G., Augustine, L., & Granlund, M. (2012). Does thinking and doing the same thing amount to involved participation? Empirical explorations for finding a measure of intensity for a third ICF-CY qualifier. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 15(4), 274-283. doi: 10.3109/17518423.2012.689780
McDougall, J., DeWit, D. J., King, K., Miller, L. M., & Killip, S. (2004). High School‐Aged Youths' Attitudes Toward their Peers with Disabilities: the role of school and student. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 51(3), 287-313.
McMullan, S., Chin, R., Froude, E., & Imms, C. (2012). Prospective study of the participation patterns of Grade 6 and Year 8 students in Victoria, Australia in activities outside of school. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 59(3), 197-208. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2012.01013.x
Nepi, L. D., Facondini, R., Nucci, F., & Peru, A. (2013). Evidence from full-inclusion model: the social position and sense of belonging of students with special educational needs and their peers in Italian primary school. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 28(3), 319-332. doi: 10.1080/08856257.2013.777530
OECD. (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators. OECD Publishing.
Ottenbacher, K. J., Msall, M. E., Lyon, N. R., Duffy, L. C., Granger, C. V., & Braun, S. (1997). Interrater agreement and stability of the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM): use in children with developmental disabilities. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 78(12), 1309-1315.
Ottenbacher, K. J., Taylor, E. T., Msall, M. E., Braun, S., Lane, S. J., Granger, C. V., . . . Duffy, L. C. (1996). The stability and equivalence reliability of the functional independence measure for children (WeeFIM)®. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 38(10), 907-916. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1996.tb15047.x
Rosenblum, S., Sachs, D., & Schreuer, N. (2010). Reliability and validity of the Children's Leisure Assessment Scale. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64(4), 633-641.
Shikako-Thomas, K., Dahan-Oliel, N., Shevell, M., Law, M., . . . Majnemer, A. (2012). Play and Be Happy? Leisure Participation and Quality of Life in School-Aged Children with Cerebral Palsy. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2012, 1-7. doi: 10.1155/2012/387280
Sanches-Ferreira, M., Gomes, M., Alves, S., Santos, B., & Silveira-Maia. (2017). Participation Patterns of Portuguese Children and Youth with and without Disabilities in Leisure Activities at School, Home and Community Contexts. Paper presented at the European Conference on Educational Research 2017, Copenhagen, Denmark. Abstract retrieved from http://www.eera-ecer.de/ecer-programmes/conference/22/contribution/41310/
Silveira-Maia, M., Lopes-dos-Santos, P., Sanches-Ferreira, M., Tavares, A., Alves, S., & Pinheiro, S. (2012). The use of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework on educational planning: promoting an environmental approach. International Journal for Cross-Displinary Subjects in Education, 2(2), 970-977. doi: 10.20533/ijcdse.2042.6364.2012.0138
Simeonsson, R. J., Carlson, D., Huntington, G. S., McMillen, J. S., & Brent, J. L. (2001). Students with disabilities: a national survey of participation in school activities. Disability and Rehabilitation, 23(2), 49-63.
Solish, A., Perry, A., & Minnes, P. (2010). Participation of Children with and without Disabilities in Social, Recreational and Leisure Activities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23(3), 226-236. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2009.00525.x
Sperle, P. A., Ottenbacher, K. J., Braun, S. L., Lane, S. J., & Nochajski, S. (1997). Equivalence reliability of the functional independence measure for children (WeeFIM) administration methods. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 51(1), 35-41.
Ullenhag, A., Bult, M. K., Nyquist, A., Ketelaar, M., Jahnsen, R., Krumlinde-Sundholm, L., … Granlund, M. (2012). An international comparison of patterns of participation in leisure activities for children with and without disabilities in Sweden, Norway and the Netherlands. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 15(5), 369-385. doi: 10.3109/17518423.2012.694915
UN. (2006). Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. New York: United Nations.
WHO. (2001). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Geneva: World Health Organization.
WHO. (2007). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Children and Youth Version. Geneva: World Health Organization.