Research Article
Communication and Group Work in the Multicultural Classroom: Immigrant Students’ Experiences

Artem Ingmar Benediktsson , Hanna Ragnarsdottir

APA 7th edition
Benediktsson, A.I., & Ragnarsdottir, H. (2019). Communication And Group Work In The Multicultural Classroom: Immigrant Students’ Experiences. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(2), 453-465.

Benediktsson A.I., and Ragnarsdottir H. 2019 'Communication And Group Work In The Multicultural Classroom: Immigrant Students’ Experiences', European Journal of Educational Research, 8(2), pp. 453-465.
Chicago 16th edition
Benediktsson Artem Ingmar, and Ragnarsdottir Hanna. "Communication And Group Work In The Multicultural Classroom: Immigrant Students’ Experiences," European Journal of Educational Research 8, no. 2 (2019): 453-465.


The paper is part of the qualitative research project Educational Aspirations, Opportunities and Challenges for Immigrants in University Education in Iceland, conducted in Iceland’s three biggest universities. The main goal of the paper is to investigate immigrant students’ experiences of communication with teachers during the learning process and their perspectives on multicultural group work. Furthermore, the paper explores immigrant students’ experiences of learner-centred approach and culturally responsive teaching methods applied by some teachers. The data was collected through focus group interviews and qualitative, semi-structured individual interviews with immigrant students. The theoretical framework is mainly based on the constructivist theory, which emphasises the importance of communication and the learner-centred approach. Additionally, the theoretical framework includes multicultural education theory, which puts an emphasis on applying culturally responsive teaching methods in classrooms with diverse student populations. The analysis of the interviews revealed that the participants’ experiences of communication with teachers and peers were mostly positive. However, culturally responsive teaching is still a rare phenomenon in Icelandic universities. When it comes to the participants’ perspectives on group work, the experiences ranged from being highly positive to negative.

Keywords: Communication, group work, immigrant students, higher education, Iceland


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