logo logo European Journal of Educational Research

EU-JER is is a, peer reviewed, online academic research journal.

Subscribe to

Receive Email Alerts

for special events, calls for papers, and professional development opportunities.


Publisher (HQ)

Eurasian Society of Educational Research
Eurasian Society of Educational Research
7321 Parkway Drive South, Hanover, MD 21076, USA
Eurasian Society of Educational Research
7321 Parkway Drive South, Hanover, MD 21076, USA
acquired attributes industry required attributes information technology graduates philippines private higher education institution

An Inventory of Acquired Attributes of Graduates in a Higher Education Institution Versus Industry Required Attributes

Client William M. Malinao , Mark M. Sotto , Joana Marie De Vera , Jessa Mhae Laguerta , Winston G. Domingo

COVID-19 has substantially affected the majority of work capabilities. Higher education is responsible for preparing graduates for employment and well.


COVID-19 has substantially affected the majority of work capabilities. Higher education is responsible for preparing graduates for employment and well-rounded individuals with varied talents. This study determined the acquired attributes of Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (BSIT) graduates and whether it is anchored to the required attributes by the industry. Descriptive and comparative research designs of the quantitative research method were used in this study. This study had two sets of participants. Data on acquired attributes were gathered from the BSIT graduates from 2017-2020 of the Private Higher Education Institution (HEI) in Santiago City, Philippines, who are presently employed. At the same time, required graduate attributes were provided by the representatives from the industry partners of the Private HEI. A total of 45 BSIT graduates and 26 companies participated in the study. Data were collected using a modified questionnaire through online surveys and drop and collect method. Through confirmatory factor analysis, mean scores, t-tests, and ANOVA, rankings, findings revealed the six-factor result, which tallies the latent variables used for this study. BSIT graduates confirmed that they acquired the necessary attributes to be competitive in the IT industry according to the prescribed attributes for BSIT graduates. The Graduates and the Industry agreed that Modern tool usage and resiliency are essential in these challenging times in the workplace. According to the findings, graduates' university-acquired skills and competencies considerably increased their opportunities in national and global markets and sectors, making them timely and relevant during COVID-19 and beyond.

Keywords: Acquired attributes, industry required attributes, information technology graduates, Philippines, private higher education institution.

cloud_download PDF
Article Metrics



Albina, A. C., & Sumagaysay, L. P. (2020). Employability tracer study of information technology education graduates from a state university in the Philippines. Social Sciences & Humanities, 2(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/h4n2

Alkhawaja, M. I., Sobihah, M., & Awang, Z. (2020). Exploring and developing an instrument for measuring system quality construct in the context of e-learning. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. 10(11), 403-413. https://doi.org/h4ns

Assheim, C., Shropshire, J., Li, L., & Kadlec, C. (2012). Knowledge and skill requirements for entry-level IT workers: A longitudinal study. Journal of Information Systems Education, 23(2), 193-204. https://bit.ly/3Pe08sM

Bear, J., & Woolley, A. (2011). The role of gender in team collaboration and performance. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 36(2), 146-153. https://doi.org/djmr9z

Cheng, M., Adekola, O., Albia, J., & Cai, S. (2021). Employability in higher education: A review of key stakeholders' perspectives. Higher Education Evaluation and Development, 16(1), 16-31. https://doi.org/gnrs8x

Commission on Higher Education. (2015). Revised policies, standards, and guidelines for Bachelor of Science in Computer Science, Bachelor of Science in Information Systems, and Bachelor of Science in Information Technology programs. https://bit.ly/3Pe08sM

Deblois, E. C. B. (2021). The employment profile of graduates in a state university in Bicol Region, Philippines. Journal of Education, Management and Development Studies, 1(1), 3-41. https://doi.org/h4nz

Gallagher, K. P., Kaiser, K. M., Simon, J. C., Beath, C. M., & Goles, T. (2010). The requisite variety of skills for it professionals. Communications of the ACM, 53(8), 144-148. https://doi.org/cwtvm2

Gequinto, A. C., & Mads, D. (2019). Industrial technology graduates' acquired skills and competencies from the University. Journal of Educational Science and Technology, 5(3), 189-201. https://bit.ly/3d6aZal

Goulart, V. G., Loboni, L. B., & Cezarino, L. O. (2021). Balancing skills in the digital transformation era: The future of jobs and the role of higher education. Industry and Higher Education, 36(2), 118-127. https://doi.org/h4nq

Ismail, S., & Mohammed, D. S. (2015). Employability skills in TVET curriculum in Nigeria Federal Universities of Technology. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 204, 73–80. https://doi.org/gf62zv

Jafar, R. M. S., Geng, S., Ahmad, W., Niu, B., & Chan, F. T. (2019). Social media usage and employee's job performance: The moderating role of social media rules. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 119(9), 1908–1925. https://doi.org/h4nr

Javier, B. S. (2015). Determinants of employability of the information technology graduates in Cagayan State University, Philippines. The Countryside Development Research Journal, 3(1), 43-52. https://doi.org/h4nx

Lee, K., & Mirchandani, D. (2015). Dynamics of the importance of IS/IT skills. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 50(4), 67-78. https://bit.ly/3BFZYqF

Malinao, C. M., & Ebi, R. G. (2022). Business management competencies as the driver of Small-medium enterprises' survival during COVID-19 pandemic. Puissant, 3, 296- 315. https://bit.ly/3Pe08sM

Mardis, M. A., Ma, J., Jones, F. R., Ambavarapu, C. R., Kelleher, H. M., Spears, L. I., & McClure, C. R. (2017). Assessing alignment between information technology educational opportunities, professional requirements, and industry demands. Education and Information Technologies, 23, 1547-1584. https://doi.org/h4nt

McMurtrey, M., Downey, J., Zeltmann, S., & Friedman, W. (2008). Critical skill sets of entry-level professionals: An empirical examination of perceptions from field personnel. Journal of Information Technology Education, 7, 101-120. https://doi.org/10.28945/181

Minčičová, M. (2020). Digital skills in the workplace and training of jobseekers and employees. Technium Social Sciences Journal12(1), 86–100. https://bit.ly/3Pe08sM

Misra, R. K., & Khurana, K. (2017). Employability skills among information technology professionals: A literature review. Procedia Computer Science, 122, 63–70, https://doi.org/gpnbt8

Olfindo, G. T., & Belgica, P. M. (2017). Employability of graduates of Bicol University College of industrial technology. Bicol University R & D Journal, 20(1), 119-138. https://bit.ly/3Pe08sM

Terano, H. J. R. (2019). Development of integrated curricula for the master of engineering programs using the CDIO framework. International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy, 9(3), 44-55. https://doi.org/h4nv

Woya, A. A. (2019). Employability among statistics graduates: Graduates' attributes, competence, and quality of education. Education Research International, 2019, 1–7. https://doi.org/h4nw