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Eurasian Society of Educational Research
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community participation implementation of online learning political context principals support student achievement

Drivers of Primary School Students’ Achievement in Indonesia During Pandemic

Maisyaroh Maisyaroh , Juharyanto Juharyanto , Ibrahim Bafadal , Bambang Budi Wiyono , Maulana Amirul Adha , Johari Surif

Political context, community participation, principals’ supports, and the implementation of e-learning, refer to the orientation of efforts in o.


Political context, community participation, principals’ supports, and the implementation of e-learning, refer to the orientation of efforts in overcoming the pandemic pressures, where these factors must ensure that all school programs can run effectively and efficiently. This study aims to identify the relationship between political context, community participation, principals’ supports, implementation of online learning and student achievement. Respondent in this research was the principal and elementary school teacher in East Java, Indonesia, 300 teachers and principals were respondents in this research. The Structural Equation Modeling method with the help of AMOS 24.0, is used in this study, while, mediation hypothesis testing is done with the Sobel Test. Based on the results of political context can significantly improve the achievement of students through community participation, principals’ support and implementation of e-learning. Research contributions show that with an ideal political context, high community participation, adequate principal support, and implementation of quality e-learning can improve the achievement of students even in crisis conditions in this case under the pandemic pressures.

Keywords: Community participation, implementation of online learning, political context, principals’ support, student achievement.

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