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entrepreneurial intention and attitudes entrepreneurial self efficacy locus of control student entrepreneurship university environment

The Moderating Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control on the Effect of the University Environment and Program on Entrepreneurial Intention and Attitudes

Aigerim Sekerbayeva , Saltanat Tamenova , Bulent Tarman , Servet Demir , Uldana Baizyldayeva , Saule Yussupova

This article examines the influence of the university environment and learning programs on students' entrepreneurial intentions and attitudes, con.


This article examines the influence of the university environment and learning programs on students' entrepreneurial intentions and attitudes, considering the moderating roles of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and locus of control. The empirical analysis employs a multilevel (hierarchical) linear model, utilizing responses from 713 students across 30 universities in Kazakhstan who participated in the GUESSS 2021 project survey. Our findings reveal that students' entrepreneurial intentions are directly influenced by entrepreneurial self-efficacy and locus of control. However, the locus of control is also indirectly influenced by the university environment and learning program. The learning program's effect on both entrepreneurial aspirations and attitudes is mediated by self-efficacy. Locus of control, conversely, negatively affects both entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions in program learning. The study's results underscore that student entrepreneurship is shaped by personal factors such as self-efficacy and locus of control, alongside the university context. Interestingly, the findings also indicate interdependencies between these factors, further influencing students' entrepreneurial intentions and attitudes.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial intention and attitudes, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, locus of control, student entrepreneurship, university environment.

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