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Eurasian Society of Educational Research
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mathematics proficiency english language student culture language of learning and teaching

Learning Mathematics in English at Basic Schools in Ghana: A Benefit or Hindrance?

Eric Fredua-Kwarteng , Francis Ahia

Facilitating effective mathematics learning and higher mathematics achievement have long been recognized as a key to the scientific and technological .


Facilitating effective mathematics learning and higher mathematics achievement have long been recognized as a key to the scientific and technological advancement of the African continent. While the central role that language proficiency plays in mathematics teaching and learning has received an overwhelming research attention in the literature over the past two decades, this is not the case among African policy-makers and political leaders. Drawing mainly from our professional experiences as mathematics educators and from the international research literature, our primary intent in this paper is to answer this question: How does the learning of mathematics in English at the basic school level help or hinder students’ mathematical proficiency? To answer this question, the paper is organized as follows. The first part, the introduction, gives a brief overview of the language of learning and teaching in Africa. The second part describes the method and conceptual framework undergirding the research. In the third section, we have analyzed the effects of mathematics learning and teaching through English for basic students whose mother tongue is a Ghanaian language. The conclusion offers four recommendations for developing and improving the mathematics proficiency of students in basic schools.

Keywords: Mathematics proficiency, english language, student culture, language of learning and teaching

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