Research Article
Understanding the Processual and Contextual Aspects of Science by Means of the History of Photosynthesis

Arzu Saka

APA 6th edition
Saka, A. (2019). Understanding the Processual and Contextual Aspects of Science by Means of the History of Photosynthesis. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(2), 633-646. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.8.2.633

Saka A. 2019 'Understanding the Processual and Contextual Aspects of Science by Means of the History of Photosynthesis', European Journal of Educational Research , vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 633-646. Available from:

Chicago 16th edition
Saka, Arzu . "Understanding the Processual and Contextual Aspects of Science by Means of the History of Photosynthesis". (2019)European Journal of Educational Research 8, no. 2(2019): 633-646. doi:10.12973/eu-jer.8.2.633


The aim of this study is to present pre-service biology teachers with reading texts about the research of Van Helmont and Joseph Priestley relate to the subject of photosynthesis, for their familiarization with the processual and contextual aspects of science and their understanding of the nature of science, and to reveal the extent to which these texts contribute to the teacher candidates. The study was carried out by “action research method”.  The sample consisted of 66 biology pre-service teachers studying at Karadeniz Technical University between the years of 2016 to 2018. In this study, two separate reading texts were prepared in order to increase pre-service teachers’ processual and contextual understanding, and after the teacher candidates had read the texts, they were asked to answer the related questions. Percentage and frequency values were determined by grouping the answers as “correct, partially correct, incorrect and unanswered”. The fact that in this study, only 47% of the pre-service teachers were able to form a correct hypothesis means that their skills in this regard are in need of development. Candidates experienced some difficulty in interpreting statements that were not given explicitly in the text. The candidates' level of critical thinking is at a good level. It has been determined that they have post-modern view as epistemological belief. There is a need for designing instructional materials covering conceptual, processual, contextual dimensions of science in different subjects at university level and presenting them to biology teachers in book format.

Keywords: History of Science, photosynthesis, aspects of science


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